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Modernism and the New SpainBritain, Cosmopolitan Europe, and Literary History$
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Gayle Rogers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199914975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914975.001.0001

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Conclusion: Modernism, War, and the Memory of Spain after 1939

Conclusion: Modernism, War, and the Memory of Spain after 1939

(p.199) Conclusion: Modernism, War, and the Memory of Spain after 1939
Modernism and the New Spain

Gayle Rogers

Oxford University Press

I extend the trajectory of this final chapter in a brief conclusion that considers two cases—one journalistic, one lived—of the consequences of Franco’s victory and the outbreak of another World War for my narrative. After this stark disruption, Cyril Connolly in his journal Horizon (1940–49) and Ortega’s student María Zambrano in her Delirium and Destiny reflect on the unfinished international literary work that their modernist forebears began. As they pick up the themes of displacement and historical memory from two converging perspectives, one in London and one in Latin American exile, both see Spain as a synecdoche for the failure of European writers and intellectuals to prevent another war. My history of the formative, mutual influences of British and Spanish literatures ends with the shadow cast by World War II over the optimistic cosmopolitanism of the post-Great War moment that the figures in this study finally could not sustain—indeed, that was faltering and under attack from all sides from the start.

Keywords:   María Zambrano, Cyril Connolly, Horizon, Delirium and Destiny, exile, nostalgia, war, memory

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