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The NonreligiousUnderstanding Secular People and Societies$
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Phil Zuckerman, Luke W. Galen, and Frank L. Pasquale

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199924950

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924950.001.0001

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Secular Social and Organizational Behavior

Secular Social and Organizational Behavior

(p.197) 10 Secular Social and Organizational Behavior
The Nonreligious

Phil Zuckerman

Luke W. Galen

Frank L. Pasquale

Oxford University Press

Evidence suggests that secular people tend to be more individualistic than the religious in their social attitudes, behavior, and institutional involvement. This does not mean that they are necessarily less sociable than the religious, but that they prefer greater autonomy and personal choice in their beliefs, worldviews, lifestyles, social relationships, and organizational participation. They also tend to be more cautious or skeptical about mass group behavior. This is particularly evident in explicitly secularist advocates, networks, and groups around the world. In fact, only a small minority of seculars join secularist groups. It is difficult, if not impossible, to establish a causal relationship between secularity and individualism. These may be mutually reinforcing concomitants of broader social, cultural, economic, and technological change. This may also, as some have suggested, reflect the diffusion of individualistic Western values in an increasingly global community.

Keywords:   secular, social, attitudes, behavior, organizational participation, individualism, individualistic, secularist groups

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