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The NonreligiousUnderstanding Secular People and Societies$
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Phil Zuckerman, Luke W. Galen, and Frank L. Pasquale

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199924950

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924950.001.0001

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(p.223) Conclusion
The Nonreligious

Phil Zuckerman

Luke W. Galen

Frank L. Pasquale

Oxford University Press

The conclusion summarizes key findings discussed in earlier chapters: the number of secular people in the world has increased; highly secular societies tend to be societally healthy and successful; men, younger people, and whites, Asians, and people of Jewish heritage are more likely to be secular; secular people are more likely to delay or forgo marriage and tend to have fewer children; secular people who are not involved in congregational or communal organizations tend to exhibit lower levels of mental and physical well-being; in terms of morality, secular people tend to rely on the areas of care and fairness; secular people are more likely to be progressive/left-leaning politically; secular people tend to be less compliant, conforming, obedient—on average—than the strongly religious; most secular individuals do not affiliate with organizations that explicitly embrace or espouse secular worldviews; most individuals’ secularity is passive and personal, not active or public.

Keywords:   secular studies, secular people, secular societies, secular morality, secular demographics

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