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Positive EmotionIntegrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides$
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June Gruber and Judith Tedlie Moskowitz

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199926725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.001.0001

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Mindfulness and Balanced Positive Emotion

Mindfulness and Balanced Positive Emotion

(p.496) Chapter 26 Mindfulness and Balanced Positive Emotion
Positive Emotion

Richard BrÄnstrÖm

Larissa G. Duncan

Oxford University Press

Mindfulness is defined as nonjudgmental awareness of the present moment. Mindful awareness of present moment experience includes recognizing the constantly changing nature of emotions. Mindfulness theory and empirical evidence from the social psychology literature suggests that there is natural variability in “dispositional mindfulness,” a tendency to bring nonjudgmental awareness to experiences of daily life, with differences found even among people not trained in mindfulness practice. Evidence suggests that dispositional mindfulness is associated with higher levels of positive emotion and lower levels of negative emotion. Clinical research testing the effects of long-term mindfulness meditation and brief secular mindfulness interventions has also shown an impact on both self-report and biological indicators of positive and negative emotion. This chapter includes a description of the role of emotion in mindfulness theory and practice. Both dispositional mindfulness research and clinical research evidence will be reviewed to provide an analysis of the ways in which mindfulness might lead to enhanced emotional awareness, greater tolerance of negative emotion, more frequent experiences of positive emotion, and possibly a more balanced happiness.

Keywords:   mindfulness, positive emotion, emotion regulation, attention regulation, well-being, happiness, acceptance, reappraisal, self-compassion

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