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What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?$
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Bennett L. Schwartz, Mark L. Howe, Michael P. Toglia, and Henry Otgaar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199928057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2020

Proximate Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Survival Processing Effect

Proximate Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Survival Processing Effect

(p.172) 10 Proximate Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Survival Processing Effect
What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Edgar Erdfelder

Meike Kroneisen

Oxford University Press

The authors conclude that four well-established domain-general mechanisms of human memory—memorial benefits caused by (1) arousal, (2) item congruity, (3) richness of encoding, and (4) the combination of single-item and relational processing—have proven successful in accounting for many results on moderators and mediators of the SPE. In contrast, hypotheses attributing the SPE to the operation of domain-specific, evolutionarily acquired “cognitive modules” tailored to solve specific adaptive problems our ancestors faced in Pleistocene environments (i.e., survival modules or planning modules) were less successful.

Keywords:   Adaptive memory, survival processing, natural selection, encoding, arousal

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