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What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?$
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Bennett L. Schwartz, Mark L. Howe, Michael P. Toglia, and Henry Otgaar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199928057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.001.0001

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Memory Errors in Adaptive Recollections

Memory Errors in Adaptive Recollections

(p.201) 11 Memory Errors in Adaptive Recollections
What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Henry Otgaar

Mark L. Howe

Tom Smeets

Linsey Raymaekers

Johan van Beers

Oxford University Press

The authors’ study is the first to reveal that survival-related information amplifies the susceptibility to suggestion-based false memories in both children and adults. So, although evidence is increasing that our memory is often better in a survival-related context, it also leads to increased flexibility, thereby creating memory illusions. Whether these memory illusions are truly adaptive or are merely simple byproducts of our memory is completely open for future research endeavors.

Keywords:   Survival processing, false memory, memory illusions, suggestibility, developmental approach, adaptive memory

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