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What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?$
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Bennett L. Schwartz, Mark L. Howe, Michael P. Toglia, and Henry Otgaar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199928057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.001.0001

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The Adaptive Value of Survival Processing in Childhood Trauma Victims

The Adaptive Value of Survival Processing in Childhood Trauma Victims

(p.215) 12 The Adaptive Value of Survival Processing in Childhood Trauma Victims
What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Linsey Raymaekers

Henry Otgaar

Maarten J. V. Peters

Tom Smeets

Oxford University Press

Past research showed the robust effect of survival processing in several undergraduate samples. Recently, this effect was also demonstrated in children (Aslan & Bäuml, 2012; Otgaar & Smeets, 2010). To our knowledge, the present study is the first to illustrate the survival recall effect in childhood trauma victims. The present study was the first to examine the influence of rating words according to an abuse scenario, a new (i.e., not used in previous studies) scenario that could also be viewed as a form of survival and potentially inducing self-referential processing in people with a history of abuse. The present data illustrate the adaptive role of the memory system in people with a history of trauma.

Keywords:   Adaptive memory, survival processing, childhood trauma, self-referential processing

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