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What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?$
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Bennett L. Schwartz, Mark L. Howe, Michael P. Toglia, and Henry Otgaar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199928057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 November 2020

Adaptive Memory

Adaptive Memory

Survival Processing, Ancestral Relevance, and the Role of Elaboration

(p.77) 5 Adaptive Memory
What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Mark L. Howe

Mary H. Derbish

Oxford University Press

Recent research has shown that when lists of words are processed for their relevance to a survival scenario (e.g., stranded in the grasslands of a foreign land), true memory performance is higher than when the same words are processed for a number of other, well-known meaningful or deep processing scenarios (e.g., moving to a new house, rating for pleasantness, self-reference) (for a review, see Nairne, 2010). This phenomenon, known as the adaptive memory effect, is said to showcase the human memory system’s proclivity toward more efficient processing of information for its survival relevance, something that may permit better adaptation to our environment.

Keywords:   Adaptive memory, problem-solving, false memory, survival processing, elaborative processing

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