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The Epistemology of ResistanceGender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and the Social Imagination$
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José Medina

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199929023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.001.0001

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Active Ignorance, Epistemic Others, and Epistemic Friction

Active Ignorance, Epistemic Others, and Epistemic Friction

Chapter:
(p.27) 1 Active Ignorance, Epistemic Others, and Epistemic Friction
Source:
The Epistemology of Resistance
Author(s):

José Medina

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.003.0001

Focusing on racial and sexual oppression and their interrelation, chapter 1 provides an analysis of active ignorance and of three epistemic vices that support it: epistemic arrogance, laziness, and closed-mindedness. I argue that structural active ignorance can be corrected only by developing epistemic virtues such as epistemic humility, curiosity/diligence, and open-mindedness. I further argue that the overcoming of active ignorance requires beneficial epistemic friction in interactions with significantly different epistemic others, and I offer two regulative principles for achieving such friction: the principle of acknowledgment and engagement, and the principle of epistemic equilibrium.

Keywords:   active ignorance, epistemic virtues and vices, resistance, acknowledgment, epistemic engagement, epistemic equilibrium

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