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Great Games, Local RulesThe New Great Power Contest in Central Asia$
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Alexander Cooley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199929825

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.001.0001

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Anti-Terrorism, Democratization, and Human Rights

Anti-Terrorism, Democratization, and Human Rights

(p.97) 6 Anti-Terrorism, Democratization, and Human Rights
Great Games, Local Rules

Alexander Cooley

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 explores how cooperation between the Central Asian security services and their United States, Russia, and China counterparts on counterterrorism has eroded human rights norms. Anti-terrorism has also generated novel forms of extralegal practices and procedures, including institutionalizing the practice of extraordinary renditions, either through tacit cooperation with the CIA, in the U.S. case, or via the SCO’s Antiterrorism Treaty, in the Russian and Chinese cases. The second half recounts how the Color Revolutions prompted the Central Asian states to effectively push back against the West’s demands for political reforms. With the backing of Moscow and Beijing, the Central Asian states branded foreign NGOs engaged in democracy promotion and human rights monitoring as security threats and accused the United States of engaging in double-standards and hypocritical behavior. A case study compares and contrasts the assessments of different external election monitoring organizations.

Keywords:   counterterrorism, human rights, extraordinary rendition, democratization, Color Revolutions, NGOs, election monitoring

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