Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Advances in Culture and PsychologyVolume 3$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu, and Ying-yi Hong

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930449

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930449.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 April 2021

Creating Cultures Between Arctics and Deserts

Creating Cultures Between Arctics and Deserts

(p.227) Chapter 5 Creating Cultures Between Arctics and Deserts
Advances in Culture and Psychology

Evert Van de Vliert

Oxford University Press

Climato-economic theorizing explains why and how inhabitants adapt culturally to their habitat. In demandingly cold or hot habitats with poor monetary resources, inhabitants create threat appraisals, survival goals, ingroup agency, and autocracy, converging into a cultural threat syndrome. In demandingly cold or hot habitats with rich monetary resources, inhabitants create challenge appraisals, self-expression goals, individual agency, and democracy, converging into a cultural challenge syndrome. In between, in undemandingly temperate climates, inhabitants create comfort appraisals, easygoing goals, convenient agency, and laissez-faire outcomes, converging into a cultural comfort syndrome. This review culminates with a regression equation that accounts for 56% of the variation in threat-based versus challenge-based cultural syndromes across 129 countries. On the basis of that regression equation and data from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a plan is sketched to forecast worldwide changes in culture.

Keywords:   climato-economic, collectivism-individualism, demands-resources, threats-challenges, cultural syndrome, culture forecast

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .