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Advances in Culture and PsychologyVolume 3$
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Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu, and Ying-yi Hong

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930449

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930449.001.0001

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Creating Cultures Between Arctics and Deserts

Creating Cultures Between Arctics and Deserts

Chapter:
(p.227) Chapter 5 Creating Cultures Between Arctics and Deserts
Source:
Advances in Culture and Psychology
Author(s):

Evert Van de Vliert

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930449.003.0005

Climato-economic theorizing explains why and how inhabitants adapt culturally to their habitat. In demandingly cold or hot habitats with poor monetary resources, inhabitants create threat appraisals, survival goals, ingroup agency, and autocracy, converging into a cultural threat syndrome. In demandingly cold or hot habitats with rich monetary resources, inhabitants create challenge appraisals, self-expression goals, individual agency, and democracy, converging into a cultural challenge syndrome. In between, in undemandingly temperate climates, inhabitants create comfort appraisals, easygoing goals, convenient agency, and laissez-faire outcomes, converging into a cultural comfort syndrome. This review culminates with a regression equation that accounts for 56% of the variation in threat-based versus challenge-based cultural syndromes across 129 countries. On the basis of that regression equation and data from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a plan is sketched to forecast worldwide changes in culture.

Keywords:   climato-economic, collectivism-individualism, demands-resources, threats-challenges, cultural syndrome, culture forecast

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