Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Future of Religious FreedomGlobal Challenges$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Allen D. Hertzke

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930890.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2021

Assertive and Passive Secularism

Assertive and Passive Secularism

State Neutrality, Religious Demography, and the Muslim Minority in the United States

(p.234) (p.235) 10 Assertive and Passive Secularism
The Future of Religious Freedom

Ahmet T. Kuru

Oxford University Press

Assertive secularism, which aims to exclude religion from the public sphere, has been the dominant ideology in France and Turkey. In the United States, however, the dominant ideology has been passive secularism, which requires the state to play a passive role that allows public visibility of religion. Despite religious-friendly passive secularism, Muslims faced religious profiling and other restrictions in the aftermath of 9/11, owing to security concerns and rising Islamophobia in the United States. That is not a unique Muslim experience in America. Historically, Catholics and Jews also experienced discrimination, but they eventually integrated into American society due to passive secularism. Passive secularism in the United States provides a more effective way for the integration of unconventional religious groups, including Muslims, than assertive secularism in France, which is intolerant toward public religions.

Keywords:   secularism, Islam, Muslims, the United States, minorities, neutrality

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .