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The Future of Religious FreedomGlobal Challenges$
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Allen D. Hertzke

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930890.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

The Status of and Challenges to Religious Freedom in Russia

The Status of and Challenges to Religious Freedom in Russia

(p.157) 6 The Status of and Challenges to Religious Freedom in Russia
The Future of Religious Freedom

Roman Lunkin

Oxford University Press

This chapter catalogues the torturous path of the treatment of religion in post-communist Russia. It begins with the implementation of a new legal regime of broad religious freedom during the period of Perestroika and Glasnost at the end of the Soviet era, which endured through the religious freedom of 1990 in the new Russian Federation. It then demonstrates how authorities of the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) joined with the ruling political elite to suppress the freedom of religious competitors. New laws restricted the activities of religious minorities, but did not stem the growing religious pluralism in Russia. Thus efforts by Vladimir Putin to gain legitimacy for authoritarian measures through privileges accorded the ROC produced a backlash and forged alliances of religious minorities and the intelligentsia that reinforced religious freedom as a value in Russia. New demographic evidence shows that religious pluralism is gaining ground and fuelling hopeful democratic impulses.

Keywords:   Russian Orthodox Church, Post-communist Russia, religious minorities, Vladimir Putin, Russian religious law of 1997, Medvedev policy on religion, religious pluralism, religious demographics, Patriarch Krill

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