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Answering the CallPopular Islamic Activism in Egypt$
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Abdullah Al-Arian

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199931279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931279.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 November 2020

The Islamic Movement on the Eve of Sadat

The Islamic Movement on the Eve of Sadat

(p.18) 1 The Islamic Movement on the Eve of Sadat
Answering the Call

Abdullah Al-Arian

Oxford University Press

Chapter 1 explores the historical experiences of the Islamic movement and the student movement, respectively, setting the stage for the ensuing developments within these movements and their interactions during the 1960s and 1970s. The role of the Muslim Brotherhood in the 1952 Free Officers Revolution is recounted from the perspective of key actors from the Muslim Brotherhood and the nascent revolutionary regime. Following the total breakdown in relations and the subsequent era of political repression, the Muslim Brotherhood was outlawed and disbanded as an organization, but through informal networks that existed within the prison system, its intellectual program continued to evolve and progress through the works of Sayyid Qutb and Hasan al-Hudaybi. This chapter also addresses the rich legacy of student activism in the pre-revolutionary era and demonstrates how it became the first independent social force to emerge after the 1967 defeat, following many years of political repression.

Keywords:   Free Officers, Muslim Brotherhood, Hasan al-Hudaybi, Sayyid Qutb, student movement

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