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Inequalities in Health – Concepts, Measures, and Ethics - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics

Nir Eyal, Samia A. Hurst, Ole F. Norheim, and Dan Wikler


Some people enjoy much longer and healthier lives than others. Of every thousand children born in Iceland, two will die before their first birthday, but in Mozambique the death rate is sixty times higher. Even within countries – including some of the wealthiest – inequalities in longevity and health can be substantial. In recent years, epidemiologists have documented the extent of these inequalities both between and within countries, stimulating in turn research both on their sources and on possible means for their alleviation. These extensive and influential efforts in research and in policy ... More

Keywords: Health, inequality, equity, ethics, philosophy, economics

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199931392
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931392.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Nir Eyal, editor
Associate Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine (Medical Ethics), Harvard Medical School

Samia A. Hurst, editor
Swiss National Science Foundation Professor of Bioethics, Geneva University

Ole F. Norheim, editor
Physician and Professor of Medical Ethics, University of Bergen

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Front Matter


Nir Eyal, Samia Hurst, Sara H. Marchand, Ole F. Norheim, and Daniel Wikler

Part I Defining and Measuring Health Inequality

1 Inequality and Health

Larry S. Temkin

Part II Health Inequality and Egalitarianism

8 Decide As You Would with Full Information!

Marc Fleurbaey, and Alex Voorhoeve

11 When in Doubt, Equalize

Wlodek Rabinowicz

15 Rationing and Rationality

Nick Beckstead, and Toby Ord

Part III Health Inequality and Public Policy

End Matter