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Abrahamic ReligionsOn the Uses and Abuses of History$
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Aaron W. Hughes

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199934645

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934645.001.0001

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From Supersessionism to Ecumenicism

From Supersessionism to Ecumenicism

(p.57) 3 From Supersessionism to Ecumenicism
Abrahamic Religions

Aaron W. Hughes

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores how scholars of Islam in the early and mid-twentieth century—most notably those associated with the “school” of Louis Massignon—played an important initial role in this change of usage. Subsequently picked up by the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s, “Abrahamic” increasingly became a central trope to imagine and designate a commonality or a wistful paternity among three monotheisms at a time when they were increasingly at odds with one another. The 1940s and 1950s, for example, witnessed the horrors of the Holocaust, the aftermath of the Second World War, the formation of the State of Israel and concomitant Israeli–Arab wars, and increasing troubles in European colonies of North Africa, especially French Algeria.

Keywords:   Catholicism, Second Vatican Council, Louis Massignon, Second World War, holocaust, State of Israel, Arab Middle East, James Kritzeck, Nostra Aetate

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