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Follow the MoneyHow Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics$
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Sarah Reckhow

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199937738

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.001.0001

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Accountability, Markets, and the Philanthropic Agenda

Accountability, Markets, and the Philanthropic Agenda

(p.12) Chapter 1 Accountability, Markets, and the Philanthropic Agenda
Follow the Money

Sarah Reckhow

Oxford University Press

Three key trends have shaped the context for foundation involvement in urban education politics. First, the accountability system mandated by No Child Left Behind has heightened the importance of test-score data as a metric to evaluate student, teacher, and school performance. These tests highlight urban schools and districts that fail to meet annual standards. Second, the largely successful advocacy for market-based reforms in education, such as charter schools, has created new levers for influence in local districts and further undermined the control of traditional school leaders. The third trend is the changing nature of philanthropy, and the extraordinary amount of wealth being disbursed by living philanthropists, such as Bill Gates, Warren Buffet, and Eli Broad. A sizable share of this giving has targeted K-12 education. The convergence of these trends sets the stage for major foundations to exercise substantial influence within urban school districts.

Keywords:   foundations, philanthropy, accountability, education reform, charter schools, testing

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