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Follow the MoneyHow Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics$
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Sarah Reckhow

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199937738

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

A Shadow Bureaucracy

A Shadow Bureaucracy

Foundation Dollars and New York City School Reform

(p.72) Chapter 4 A Shadow Bureaucracy
Follow the Money

Sarah Reckhow

Oxford University Press

Foundations have amplified top-down coordination and rapid implementation of new policies in New York City. Using social network analysis, this chapter demonstrates that foundations are primarily allied with an elite network in New York City, including top district bureaucrats and education nonprofits; advocacy organizations and parent leaders are largely excluded. Furthermore, debates over issues such as school closures and reauthorization of mayoral control have hardened political divisions in the district.

Keywords:   foundations, philanthropy, New York City, urban education, education reform, mayoral control, Gates Foundation, small schools, social network

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