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Measuring WellbeingA History of Italian Living Standards$
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Giovanni Vecchi

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199944590

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944590.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2020

Health

Health

Chapter:
(p.88) 3 Health
Source:
Measuring Wellbeing
Author(s):

Vincenzo Atella

Silvia Francisci

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944590.003.0004

Longevity is probably the most eloquent achievement in Italy’s history. In 1861 life expectancy at birth did not exceed 29–30 years, a testimony to the extraordinary backwardness of the country’s average living conditions at the time of unification. In the mid-2010s children in Italy can expect to live an average 82 years, and Italians rank fourth in the world, after Japan, Switzerland, and Australia, in a list of over two hundred countries. The chapter tells this success story and unravels the relative importance of the factors responsible for the dynamics of survival: improvements in public health services, progress in hygiene practices, progress in medicine, economic growth, and the role of better education. However, distributional analysis tones down the enthusiasm and neatly identifies the challenge for the near future: to narrow the gap in many health indicators between the north and the south.

Keywords:   Life expectancy, Infant mortality, Malaria, Pellagra, Tuberculosis, Health inequality, Infective diseases, National Health Service, Cardiovascular diseases, Cancer

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