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The Language of Bribery Cases$
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Roger W. Shuy

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945139.001.0001

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Bribery: A brief history and background

Bribery: A brief history and background

(p.11) [2] Bribery: A brief history and background
The Language of Bribery Cases

Roger W. Shuy

Oxford University Press

After providing a semantic history of the word, “bribe” this chapter briefly traces how the definition of bribery developed from the U.S. Constitution through statutory developments in the twentieth century, including evolving ideas about what constitutes entrapment and the related conditions of “inducement,” “solicitation,” and “predisposition.” Since certain legal activities, such as lobbying, have the outward appearance of bribery, a distinction is made here. Because “conspiracy” brings with it heightened penalties, its meaning is also outlined. Evidence in bribery cases is usually audio or videotaped language that is suitable for linguistic analysis. The remainder of the chapter describes the FBI’s efforts to capture bribery in progress over the past three decades.

Keywords:   etymological history, laws, subjective test, objective test, entrapment, predisposition, inducement, solicitation, lobbying, conspiracy, intelligence analysis, FBI guidelines

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