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The Legal Language of Scottish BurghsStandardization and Lexical Bundles (1380-1560)$
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Joanna Kopaczyk

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945153.001.0001

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EdHeW Corpus Material and Lexical Bundles

EdHeW Corpus Material and Lexical Bundles

(p.141) 8 EdHeW Corpus Material and Lexical Bundles
The Legal Language of Scottish Burghs

Joanna Kopaczyk

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins the main analytical part of the book, devoted to tracing formulaic patterns in early legal texts. The discussion starts with methodological problems in historical corpus linguistics, such as corpus design, length, period divisions, and normalization. The main core of the chapter provides a thorough introduction to lexical bundles as a new tool in historical corpus linguistics. It is vital that the reader can trace the decisions which led to the extraction of repetitive strings from the corpus, and understands why certain steps, such as the elimination of punctuation, spelling standardization, or setting the frequency threshold, were taken. Dedicated software was used to extract the bundles, which allowed for fine-tuning the results, sorting them chronologically and geographically. One of the most innovative solutions was establishing the formulaicity measure and including several bundle lengths in the analysis (3- to 8-grams), to highlight the relationships between the repetitive strings.

Keywords:   corpus linguistics, EdHeW, corpus-driven approach, lexical bundles, VARD, n-grams, formulaicity, syntagmatic overlap, paradigmatic overlap

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