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Multilingualism and the Periphery$
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Sari Pietikainen and Helen Kelly-Holmes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945177.001.0001

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Heteroglossic Authenticity in Sámi Heritage Tourism

Heteroglossic Authenticity in Sámi Heritage Tourism

(p.77) Chapter 5 Heteroglossic Authenticity in Sámi Heritage Tourism
Multilingualism and the Periphery

Sari Pietikäinen

Oxford University Press

Taking the example of heritage Sámi tourism in Northern Scandinavia, this chapter explores authenticity as discursive practices, located in the interaction between the hosts and the tourists. Based on a longitudinal ethnographic and discourse analytical research on multilingualism in the peripheral locality of Sámiland, the chapter will study the dynamics of authentication practices, tied to a simultaneous play of centripetal and centrifugal forces (Bakhtin 1982), standardizing and creating language and discourse practices related to what is taken as authentic in the Sámi tourism context. The chapter will then investigate what kind of tensions and creativity the touristic capitalization of authenticity generates in this context. The study shows how creativity, repetition and reflexivity all are valuable and used resources in authentication. Together, they create an ambivalent and heteroglossic authenticity performances, which can be seen as a nexus of historical and new meaning, value and function of Sámi resources, circulated across various time and spaces.

Keywords:   authenticity, indigenous Sámi community, multilingualism, centre-periphery dynamics, heritage tourism space, heteroglossia, discourse practices, nexus analysis

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