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Relabeling in Language Genesis$
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Claire Lefebvre

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945290

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945290.001.0001

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Relabeling Options: On Some Differences Between Haitian and Saramaccan

Relabeling Options: On Some Differences Between Haitian and Saramaccan

(p.164) Chapter 6 Relabeling Options: On Some Differences Between Haitian and Saramaccan
Relabeling in Language Genesis

Claire Lefebvre

Oxford University Press

Although Haitian and Saramaccan share a common Gbe substrate, there are differences between them. As was shown in Chapter 3, these discrepancies may be due to differences between their superstrate languages or to different amounts of exposure by the creoles’ creators to their respective superstrate languages. This chapter explores a third potential cause of differences between creoles that share the same substrate languages, demonstrating that creoles’ creators have relabeling options; they may choose different ones, resulting in differences between two creoles. In this chapter, relabeling options are addressed on the basis of the following differences between Saramaccan and Haitian: Saramaccan has postpositions and morphological reduplication, like its substrate languages, but Haitian does not. The content of this chapter is a reply to Norval Smith’s “Voodoo Chile” (2001).

Keywords:   relabeling options, postpositions, morphological reduplication, Haitian, Saramaccan

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