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Stalin and EuropeImitation and Domination, 1928-1953$
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Timothy Snyder and Ray Brandon

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 May 2021

Stalin, Espionage, and Counterespionage

Stalin, Espionage, and Counterespionage

(p.73) 3 Stalin, Espionage, and Counterespionage
Stalin and Europe

Hiroaki Kuromiya

Andrzej Pepłoński

Oxford University Press

Stalin relied on espionage and counterespionage to retain his political power. In the 1930s, his intelligence apparatus was one of the most powerful the world had ever seen. Emulating German and Japanese methods, Stalin perfected “total espionage.” In his struggle against foreign “total espionage,” he also practiced “total counterespionage,” which manifested itself in the Great Terror of 1937–8, the deliberate killing of nearly one million people. Ironically, the Great Terror nearly destroyed the Soviet leader’s apparatus for “total espionage.”

Keywords:   Soviet Union, Japan, Poland, Germany, espionage, counterespionage, terror, minorities, Gulag

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