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Stalin and EuropeImitation and Domination, 1928-1953$
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Timothy Snyder and Ray Brandon

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.001.0001

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The Polish Underground under Soviet Occupation, 1939–1941

The Polish Underground under Soviet Occupation, 1939–1941

Chapter:
(p.92) 4 The Polish Underground under Soviet Occupation, 1939–1941
Source:
Stalin and Europe
Author(s):

Rafał Wnuk

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.003.0005

The first underground organizations in eastern Poland were formed on 17 September 1939, the day the Soviet invasion began. The initially scattered underground groups were quickly subordinated to the Union for Armed Struggle, which had been established by the government in exile. In early spring 1940, the Polish underground had over 20,000 members; partisan activity was launched in the Białystok and Nowogródek regions. These large but poorly concealed networks quickly fell victim to the Soviet secret police. On the eve of the German-Soviet war, the Polish underground had at most 6000 people at its disposal. The Soviets and Germans also tried to take over parts of the Polish underground networks and to use them against each other.

Keywords:   Second World War, Germany, Soviet Union, Poland, Soviet-occupied Poland, Polish resistance movements, counterespionage

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