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Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective$
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Audrey Li, Andrew Simpson, and Wei-Tien Dylan Tsai

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945658

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 August 2021

Verbal Answers to Yes/No Questions, Focus, and Ellipsis

Verbal Answers to Yes/No Questions, Focus, and Ellipsis

Chapter:
(p.300) 12 Verbal Answers to Yes/No Questions, Focus, and Ellipsis
Source:
Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective
Author(s):

Andrew Simpson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.003.0012

This chapter considers fragment and particle answer-forms to yes-no questions in Mandarin, Korean, Vietnamese, and English. It is argued that fragment answers in these languages result from movement of an element to a high clausal position, followed by remnant ellipsis, as argued for Finnish in Holmberg (2001, 2007), and that this is revealed in restrictions on the use of verbal fragment answers in questions containing focused adverbial elements The latter are shown to induce an intervention effect which blocks movement of the verb (or disrupts the chain formed by movement of the verb and its licensing at LF). This in turn results in the necessary use of a non-movement answer-form, which in Chinese is regularly the insertion of an affirmative particle directly in C.

Keywords:   answer-forms, intervention effects, Mandarin, Korean, Vietnamese, Finnish

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