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Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective$
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Audrey Li, Andrew Simpson, and Wei-Tien Dylan Tsai

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945658

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.001.0001

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Wh-adjuncts, Left Periphery, and Wh-in-situ

Wh-adjuncts, Left Periphery, and Wh-in-situ

(p.401) 15 Wh-adjuncts, Left Periphery, and Wh-in-situ
Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Masao Ochi

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates the underlying positions of a variety of whys. The author argues that wh-adjuncts are base-generated in the CP-periphery (interrogative or non-interrogative) or elsewhere (i.e., within T') while causal wh-adjuncts fall into two groups: most of them are always base-generated in the spec of an interrogative CP, whereas a species of the causal wh-adjunct that occurs in Chinese and Japanese is always base-generated very low in the clausal structure, as a V'-level adjunct. This proposal is crucially based on Chomsky’s (1973) generalization regarding multiple wh-questions. The chapter shows that Chomsky’s “uniformity” condition on multiple wh-questions follows from the way in which a probe-goal system operates. Also, based on the distribution of causal wh-adjuncts in Chinese and Japanese, this supports Huang’s (1982) view that the locality of wh-in-situ should be characterized in terms of the distinction between arguments and adjuncts, rather than between nominal and non-nominal wh-phrases.

Keywords:   periphery, multiple wh-question, probe-goal, wh-adjuncts, wh-in-situ

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