EvalP > EvidP > EpisP", originally advocated by Speas (2004). The proposed hierarchy offers a formal analysis of pragmatic notions like evidentiality and speech act and can be used to provide analyses of a range of patterns relating to evidentiality in the languages studied in this chapter, which consequently implies the existence of an additional pragmatic layer in the left periphery of the syntactic structure cross-linguistically." > Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective$
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Audrey Li, Andrew Simpson, and Wei-Tien Dylan Tsai

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945658

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.001.0001

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Cartographic Syntax of Pragmatic Projections

Cartographic Syntax of Pragmatic Projections

Chapter:
(p.429) 16 Cartographic Syntax of Pragmatic Projections
Source:
Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective
Author(s):

Sze-Wing Tang

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.003.0016

In this chapter, grammatical properties of evidential morphemes in Akha, Maricopa, Tibetan, and particularly Cantonese are examined, focusing on some utterance particles in Cantonese that are relating to evidentiality. It is argued that the similarities and variations of these languages with respect to evidentiality are captured by a syntactic hierarchy under the cartographic approach, namely "SAP > EvalP > EvidP > EpisP", originally advocated by Speas (2004). The proposed hierarchy offers a formal analysis of pragmatic notions like evidentiality and speech act and can be used to provide analyses of a range of patterns relating to evidentiality in the languages studied in this chapter, which consequently implies the existence of an additional pragmatic layer in the left periphery of the syntactic structure cross-linguistically.

Keywords:   evidentiality, speech act, cartography, Cantonese, syntax

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