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Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective$
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Audrey Li, Andrew Simpson, and Wei-Tien Dylan Tsai

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945658

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945658.001.0001

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Analysis versus Synthesis: Objects

Analysis versus Synthesis: Objects

(p.179) 7 Analysis versus Synthesis: Objects
Chinese Syntax in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Michael Barrie

, Audrey Li
Oxford University Press

Noun incorporation in Iroquoian languages, English compounding, and Chinese non-canonical objects shares the properties of allowing themes, locatives, temporals, and instruments, but not benefactives, recipients, or comitatives—object usurpers versus object non-usurpers. This chapter proposes that these similarities can be traced to the possibility of object usurpers occurring without functors and the absence of case morphology—further confirmed by the impossibility of non-canonical objects in Korean, despite the fact that it allows two accusative case-marked noun phrases within a verb phrase. The interpretation of object usurpers, not supplied by functors indicating the specific functions of the object-usurpers, is subject to cultural and institutionalized norms within individual languages.

Keywords:   noun incorporation, non-canonical object, compounding, case morphology, functor

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