Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Defining the Struggle – National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915 - Oxford Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Susan D. Carle


This book uncovers the forgotten contributions of late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century national organizations—including the National Afro-American League, the National Afro-American Council, the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs, and the Niagara Movement—in developing strategies for racial justice organizing, which they then passed on to the NAACP and the National Urban League. It tells the story of these organizations' leaders and motivations, the initiatives they undertook, and the ideas about law and racial justice activism they developed and passed on to future g ... More

Keywords: U.S. legal civil rights history, socioeconomic rights, civil rights lawyering, NAACP, National Afro-American League, National Afro-American Council, Niagara Movement, African American women's history, African American history, history of U.S. social welfare policy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199945740
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Susan D. Carle, author
American University