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Defining the StruggleNational Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915$
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Susan D. Carle

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001

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Atlanta and New York City; Founding the National Urban League

Atlanta and New York City; Founding the National Urban League

(p.221) 10 Atlanta and New York City; Founding the National Urban League
Defining the Struggle

Susan D. Carle

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the relationship between local conditions and national organization building at the turn of the twentieth century in two major cities: Atlanta and New York City. It examines how different local conditions produced various organizing strategies and emphases and traces how these dissimilar local features of racial justice organizing fostered contrasts in the organizing models of national organizations. Continuing with this theme, the chapter analyzes the early organizational model of the National Urban League and assesses the contours of its agreement with the NAACP to "divide jurisdiction" by each specializing in distinct sets of issues and strategies.

Keywords:   early twentieth-century New York City racial justice activism, W.E.B. Du Bois/Mary White Ovington friendship, Lugenia Burns Hope, Gate City Kindergarten Association, Committee for Improving the Industrial Condition of Negroes, George E. Haynes, William Lewis Bulkley, National Urban League, early twentieth-century social welfare activism

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