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Defining the StruggleNational Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915$
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Susan D. Carle

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001

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Asserting “Manhood” Rights

Asserting “Manhood” Rights

The Niagara Movement’s First Year, 1905

(p.174) 8 Asserting “Manhood” Rights
Defining the Struggle

Susan D. Carle

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the founding and first year of development of the Niagara Movement, focusing in particular on its wide-ranging issue agenda and its efforts to develop a test case litigation agenda as one aspect of this work. It assesses the importance of its members' courage in publicly opposing Booker T. Washington as a watershed moment, making possible a more radical turn in civil rights organizing by former civil rights moderates who would soon come together to found the NAACP. It also analyzes the Niagara Movement's initial exclusion of women from membership.

Keywords:   Frederick McGhee, W.E.B. Du Bois, Tuskegee machine, early twentieth-century civil rights lawyers, women and the Niagara Movement, Niagara Movement legal work, Barbara Pope test case, race discrimination in interstate commerce, William Monroe Trotter

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