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Buddhism in Mongolian History, Culture, and Society$
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Vesna A. Wallace

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199958641

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199958641.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Buddhist Sacred Mountains, Auspicious Landscapes,and Their Agency

Buddhist Sacred Mountains, Auspicious Landscapes,and Their Agency

(p.221) 12 Buddhist Sacred Mountains, Auspicious Landscapes,and Their Agency
Buddhism in Mongolian History, Culture, and Society
Vesna A. Wallace
Oxford University Press

Since the seventeenth century, Mongolian Buddhist tradition has identified numerous places across Mongolia as the dwelling places of the Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, and spirits such as nāgas, the lords of land (savdag), and others. The beautiful, unspoiled Mongolian landscape has been viewed as a horizon of national and Buddhist identities. The chapter examines the interconnection between the traditional pastoral and Buddhist culture and Mongolia’s landscape, which has in part shaped the sense of identity and cultural values of Mongolian Buddhists. The Mongolian landscape and its climatic conditions, which evidence the experiences and struggles of both humans and livestock, have influenced the Mongolian Buddhist culture and its reverential approach to the natural environment and the nonhuman entities controlling the landscape. Replacing some pre-Buddhist, Shamanic practices while absorbing others, the Mongolian Buddhist tradition constructed a set of symbolic meanings of the indigenous landscapes

Keywords:   nāgas, savdags, religious taboos, protected areas, ovoo, Bogd Khan Mountain, Burkhan Khaldun Mountain, Otgontenger Mountain, Süütei Mountain, Eighth Bogd Jembtsundambaź

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