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The Gift of the Land and the Fate of the Canaanites in Jewish Thought$
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Katell Berthelot, Joseph E. David, and Marc Hirshman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199959808

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959808.001.0001

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The Israeli Identity and the Canaanite Option

The Israeli Identity and the Canaanite Option

(p.311) 14 The Israeli Identity and the Canaanite Option
The Gift of the Land and the Fate of the Canaanites in Jewish Thought

David Ohana

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the cultural-political movement of the “Young Hebrews” created by Yonatan Ratosh in the twentieth century. It looks at the case of Jews called “Canaanites” by their adversaries, who then retained the name as a self-designation. They considered themselves “Hebrews” rather than Jews, connected first and foremost with the land of Canaan/Israel, not with Judaism; and they wanted to go back to the original relationship between the ancient people of Israel, the land of Canaan, and the Hebrew language. As part of the revival of the Hebrew nation, “Canaanism” also aimed at the Hebraization of the entire Middle East.

Keywords:   Young Hebrews, Yonatan Ratosh, Jews, Canaanites, Israel, Canaan, Hebrew nation, Canaanism

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