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Ancestral Landscapes in Human EvolutionCulture, Childrearing and Social Wellbeing$
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Darcia Narvaez, Kristin Valentino, Agustin Fuentes, James J. McKenna, and Peter Gray

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199964253

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964253.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 July 2021

Childhood Environments and Flourishing

Childhood Environments and Flourishing

Chapter:
(p.335) 14 Childhood Environments and Flourishing
Source:
Ancestral Landscapes in Human Evolution
Author(s):

Tracy R. Gleason

Darcia Narvaez

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964253.003.0025

The quality of the early caregiving context has significant ramifications for later physiological and psychological functioning. Central to this nurturing environment is the responsivity of the primary caregiver, and provision of adequately sensitive social and emotional care is associated with many positive outcomes. However, flourishing, defined as emotional, psychological, and social wellbeing, appropriate physiological regulation, and a sociomoral orientation towards others, might require an intense level of caregiving on the part of the community that is atypical in the USA. Caregiving practices common among small-band hunter-gatherers, such as breastfeeding, copious positive touch, alloparenting and provision of opportunities for playful interactions, appear to be positively associated with sociomoral development, and may be necessary ingredients for flourishing in adulthood. Attention to these behaviors and the broad social context of early development might provide important steps toward creating proactively moral, prosocial communities.

Keywords:   flourishing, sociomoral development, nurture, caregiving environment

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