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Brett M. Frischmann, Michael J. Madison, and Katherine J. Strandburg

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199972036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972036.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

Exchange Practices among Nineteenth-Century U.S. Newspaper Editors:

Exchange Practices among Nineteenth-Century U.S. Newspaper Editors:

Cooperation in Competition

Chapter:
(p.365) 11 Exchange Practices among Nineteenth-Century U.S. Newspaper Editors
Source:
Governing Knowledge Commons
Author(s):

Laura J. Murray

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972036.003.0012

Mid-nineteenth-century newspaper exchanges may be characterized as a case of cultural commons: structured or managed sharing of knowledge and intellectual content within a community of practice. Subsidized postal rates meant newspaper editors could send papers for free to other editors; copyright did not apply to periodicals at the time; and thus the bulk of the matter of any given newspaper was borrowed material. The exchange system had its own unwritten rules for attribution, described in this chapter. Thus nonmonetized sharing had a place in the inception of a major capitalist industry. In the last section, the chapter observes that news gathering remains a collective enterprise and argues that some aspects of journalism’s early practices survive in the statutory provision of fair use and the more fraught legal concept of “hot news.”

Keywords:   Commons, newspaper, hot news, copyright, knowledge sharing, attribution, citation, credit, plagiarism

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