Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Governing Knowledge Commons$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Brett M. Frischmann, Michael J. Madison, and Katherine J. Strandburg

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199972036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972036.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

Exchange Practices among Nineteenth-Century U.S. Newspaper Editors:

Exchange Practices among Nineteenth-Century U.S. Newspaper Editors:

Cooperation in Competition

(p.365) 11 Exchange Practices among Nineteenth-Century U.S. Newspaper Editors
Governing Knowledge Commons

Laura J. Murray

Oxford University Press

Mid-nineteenth-century newspaper exchanges may be characterized as a case of cultural commons: structured or managed sharing of knowledge and intellectual content within a community of practice. Subsidized postal rates meant newspaper editors could send papers for free to other editors; copyright did not apply to periodicals at the time; and thus the bulk of the matter of any given newspaper was borrowed material. The exchange system had its own unwritten rules for attribution, described in this chapter. Thus nonmonetized sharing had a place in the inception of a major capitalist industry. In the last section, the chapter observes that news gathering remains a collective enterprise and argues that some aspects of journalism’s early practices survive in the statutory provision of fair use and the more fraught legal concept of “hot news.”

Keywords:   Commons, newspaper, hot news, copyright, knowledge sharing, attribution, citation, credit, plagiarism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .