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Patients with PassportsMedical Tourism, Law, and Ethics$
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I. Glenn Cohen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199975099

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199975099.001.0001

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Medical Tourism and the Creation of Life: A Study of Fertility Tourism

Medical Tourism and the Creation of Life: A Study of Fertility Tourism

(p.371) 9 Medical Tourism and the Creation of Life: A Study of Fertility Tourism
Patients with Passports

I. Glenn Cohen

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines “fertility tourism”—individuals who travel abroad to use reproductive technologies such as artificial insemination, surrogacy, sex selection, etc. Some travel for price, others to circumvent restrictions in their home country. The first part of this chapter sketches what we know about the current flow of patients, doctors, surrogates, and egg and sperm donors in the trade. The next part examines under what circumstances home countries that prohibit particular reproductive technologies from being used by their citizens in the home country should extend that prohibition to those who go to a country where the practice is legal. Among other things, the chapter discusses the question of whether fertility tourism involving surrogacy is a morally problematic form of exploitation and whether that analysis also mandates extending the prohibition extraterritorially. The third part of this chapter examines the question of nationality and immigration for the children born through fertility tourism.

Keywords:   surrogacy, artificial insemination, reproductive technology, sex selection, exploitation, immigration, extraterritoriality

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