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Counting Civilian CasualtiesAn Introduction to Recording and Estimating Nonmilitary Deaths in Conflict$
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Taylor B. Seybolt, Jay D. Aronson, and Baruch Fischhoff

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199977307

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977307.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 April 2021

A Matter of Convenience

A Matter of Convenience

Challenges of Non-Random Data in Analyzing Human Rights Violations during Conflicts in Peru and Sierra Leone

(p.77) 5 A Matter of Convenience
Counting Civilian Casualties

Todd Landman

Anita Gohdes

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that reports of the experience of human rights violations and violence as an empirical record are likely to be biased (with selection bias often present), as well as incomplete and prone to significant measurement error. Two of the main fundamental errors are the underreporting of rights violations that have occurred and the overreporting of violations that have not. This chapter uses the cases of Peru and Sierra Leone to demonstrate how casualty reporting across different sources varies, inhibiting the ability to make valid statistical inferences. The implications drawn from this are twofold. When full enumerations or representative samples are not available, multiple sources of casualty records are vital to securing more accurate civilian casualty estimation. Nevertheless, limitations in the data available need to be translated into the conclusions that can be drawn about the contours of a conflict.

Keywords:   human rights violations, civilian casualty estimation, Sierra Leone, Peru, underreporting, selection bias, measurement error

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