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Accidental IntoleranceHow We Stigmatize ADHD and How We Can Stop$
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Susan C. C. Hawthorne

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199977383

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977383.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

New Directions

New Directions

(p.175) 6 New Directions
Accidental Intolerance

Susan C. C. Hawthorne

Oxford University Press

As earlier chapters showed, blending of facts and values has deeply embedded intolerance against ADHD in ubiquitous systems. Yet, this chapter argues, we cannot escape the blending of fact and value in our decisions. So how do we reach the goals of reducing intolerance, improving options for diagnosable people, and increasing our knowledge of mental function? These goals require both ethical and epistemic success. We can decide on appropriate actions if we take facts and values into account carefully, and if we conscientiously represent all relevant voices, expert and non-expert—physicians, psychologists, scientists, policy-makers, teachers, employers, parents, affected individuals, and more—in decision making. The chapter recommends a decision-making framework, the Pragmatist framework, to achieve these goals. The chapter suggests as well that we will need to curtail dichotomized thinking and dichotomizing practices, open new branches of research, and opt, more often, for social change over individualized intervention.

Keywords:   ADHD, american pragmatism, pragmatist framework, scientific pluralism, values in science, intolerance, science policy, public policy, dichotomization, social change

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