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The Ethics of Captivity - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Ethics of Captivity

Lori Gruen


In the United States roughly 2 million people are incarcerated; billions of animals are held captive (and then killed) in the food industry every year; hundreds of thousands of animals are kept in laboratories; thousands are in zoos and aquaria; millions of “pets” are captive in our homes. Though conditions of captivity vary widely for humans and for other animals, there are common ethical themes that imprisonment raises, e.g., the value of liberty, the nature of autonomy, the meaning of dignity, and the impact of routine confinement on well-being, both physical and psychological. This volume ... More

Keywords: animals, captivity, prison, mass incarceration, sanctuary, zoos, domestication, domination, control, welfare

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780199977994
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977994.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Lori Gruen, editor
Department of Philosophy, Wesleyan University

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Lori Gruen

Conditions of Captivity

1 Canis familiaris

Alexandra Horowitz

2 Cetacean Captivity

Lori Marino

3 Captive Elephants

Catherine Doyle

4 Captive Chimpanzees

Stephen R. Ross

5 Rabbits in Captivity

Margo DeMello

7 Life Behind Bars

John Bryant James Davis David Haywood Clyde Meikle Andre Pierce

8 Political Captivity

Lauren Gazzola

Challenges of Captivity

9 For Their Own Good

Clare Palmer and Peter Sandøe

10 Born in Chains?

Alasdair Cochrane

12 Captive for Life

Irus Braverman

13 Sanctuary, Not Remedy

Karen S. Emmerman

End Matter