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Social Ontology – Collective Intentionality and Group Agents - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Raimo Tuomela


The main focus of this book about social ontology is collective intentionality (as expressed by joint intentions, wants, beliefs, and action) and group agency. The theory presented starts from the intuitive distinction between thinking and acting as a private person (“I-mode”) versus thinking and acting as a group member who identifies with the group and typically engages in “we-thinking’’ and joint acting (“we-mode”). The conceptually group-based we-mode framework expresses full-blown we-thinking and we-acting. A group with we-mode members is regarded as a functionally organized group agent w ... More

Keywords: social ontology, collective intentionality, group agent, we-mode activity, I-mode activity, internal versus external authority, group reason, cooperation in groups, solidarity, institutional fact

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199978267
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Raimo Tuomela, author
University of Helsinki