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Accountability for Killing – Moral Responsibility for Collateral Damage in America's Post-9/11 Wars - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Accountability for Killing: Moral Responsibility for Collateral Damage in America's Post-9/11 Wars

Neta Crawford


United States officials argued during America’s post-9-/11 wars that the US took every precaution to prevent unintended civilian death and injury — known as collateral damage — due to US military operations. Yet, during the first years of the wars, officials accepted the inevitability of the harm, and tens of thousands of civilians were killed and injured by the US and its allies. The book explores moral responsibility for three kinds of collateral damage incidents. Accidents were unforeseen and sometimes unforeseeable, and arguably they were comparatively rare. More numerous were systemic col ... More

Keywords: Civilian casualties, systemic collateral damage, moral responsibility, United States wars, Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistanlaws of war, discriminationproportionality, military necessity, political responsibility, collective responsibility, cycle of moral agency

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199981724
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981724.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Neta Crawford, author
Boston University

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