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Imagining the PastHistorical Fiction in New Kingdom Egypt$
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Colleen Manassa

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199982226

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982226.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

The Quarrel of Apepi and Seqenenre

The Quarrel of Apepi and Seqenenre

(p.30) Chapter 2 The Quarrel of Apepi and Seqenenre
Imagining the Past

Colleen Manassa

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a new edition of the ancient story known as The Quarrel of Apepi and Seqenere, preserved in a single copy, papyrus British Museum EA 101085 (also known as Sallier I) dating to the reign of Merneptah. An extensive discussion of the historical and political background of the tale includes an examination of the mummy of Seqenenre (and the wounds that led to the pharaoh’s death), the archaeology of ancient Avaris, and historical and documentary texts from the Second Intermediate Period. Extensive evidence is gathered that argues against previous monotheistic interpretations of the story. New readings further suggest that while Apepi worships Seth, that the riddle of the roaring hippopotami may cast the Hyksos ruler in the role of Apep. The juxtaposition of the story with a manual of letter writing within the sole papyrus copy is highlighted for the first time, suggesting that the tale is a lively introduction to the manual.

Keywords:   The Quarrel of Apepi and Seqenenre, Hyksos, Thebes, Avaris, Seth, Amun

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