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Closing the Opportunity Gap – What America Must Do to Give Every Child an Even Chance - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Closing the Opportunity Gap: What America Must Do to Give Every Child an Even Chance

Prudence L. Carter and Kevin G. Welner


While the achievement gap has dominated policy discussions over the past two decades, relatively little attention has been paid to a gap that is even more at odds with American ideals: the opportunity gap. Opportunity and achievement, while inextricably connected, are very different goals. Every American will not go to college. But every American should be given fair opportunities to be prepared for college. By treating opportunity as an afterthought and obsessively focusing on measuring achievement, the nation’s policymakers have made little progress in measuring or addressing inequitable opp ... More

Keywords: Opportunity gap, achievement differences, educational policy, inequality, race, class

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199982981
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982981.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Prudence L. Carter, editor
Stanford University

Kevin G. Welner, editor
University of Colorado Boulder

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1 Achievement Gaps Arise from Opportunity Gaps

Kevin G. Welner, and Prudence L. Carter

Part I Overcoming the Obstacles We Create for Children

Part II Overcoming the Obstacles We Create for Schools

7 Achievement Gaps Start Early

W. Steven Barnett, and Cynthia E. Lamy

Part III Overcoming the Obstacles We Create for Equality

Part IV Solutions/Conclusion

14 The Cumulative Costs of the Opportunity Gap

Clive Belfield, and Henry M. Levin

16 Building Opportunities to Achieve

Prudence L. Carter, and Kevin G. Welner

End Matter