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Closing the Opportunity GapWhat America Must Do to Give Every Child an Even Chance$
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Prudence L. Carter and Kevin G. Welner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199982981

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982981.001.0001

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Inequality and School ResourcesWhat It Will Take to Close the Opportunity Gap

Inequality and School ResourcesWhat It Will Take to Close the Opportunity Gap

(p.77) 6 Inequality and School ResourcesWhat It Will Take to Close the Opportunity Gap
Closing the Opportunity Gap

Linda Darling-Hammond

Oxford University Press

Linda Darling-Hammondexplains how basic resource inequities pervade the current system and describes how a better distribution of resources can yield more equitable educational outcomes. She describes four major resource-linked factors that account for unequal and inadequate educational outcomes in the United States. The first is the nation’s high level of childhood poverty, coupled with the low level of social supports for low-income children’s health and welfare, including their early learning opportunities. The second is the unequal allocation of school resources, which is made politically easier by the increasing resegregation of schools. The third involves inadequate systems for providing high-quality teachers and teaching to all children in all communities. Finally, she points to rationing of high-quality curriculum through tracking and interschool disparities.Darling-Hammond explains that these factors combined generate opportunity-to-learn barriers that can sabotage success.

Keywords:   Inequality, teacher quality, school resources, segregation, poverty

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