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Who Owns the World's Media?Media Concentration and Ownership around the World$
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Eli M. Noam and The International Media Concentration Collaboration

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199987238

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987238.001.0001

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Media Concentration in the United States

Media Concentration in the United States

(p.500) 18 Media Concentration in the United States
Who Owns the World's Media?

Eli Noam

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines media ownership and concentration in the United States. Following an overview of the American media landscape, the remainder of the chapter focuses on print media (newspapers, book publishing, magazine publishing), audiovisual media (radio, broadcast television, multichannel TV platforms, cable and satellite TV, film), telecommunications media (wireline and wireless telecom), and Internet media (Internet Service Providers, search engines, online news market). By weighted average, print media are the least concentrated sector, though they have slightly consolidated over three decades. Average concentration of the audiovisual media industries is higher and growing, but it did not breach the threshold for a moderate level. Cable TV has risen considerably in concentration, with Comcast dominant. Telecom media concentration is high and trending up since the 1980s when the AT&T monopoly was broken up; even higher and faster rising are online media. The main platform companies are AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, Charter, Softbank, and Deutsche Telekom. In print media, the main firms are Bertelsmann/Pearson, Gannett, Time Inc., Dow Jones (Murdoch Group), Advance, Tribune, and Hearst, and McGraw-Hill. In the audiovisual field, major firms are the Murdoch group, the Redstone group, Disney, Comcast, Sony, and Time Warner.

Keywords:   US media market, media industry, telecom media, print media, audiovisual media, telecommunications, Internet, AT&T, Comcast, Murdoch, Redstone, Time Warner, Hearst, Dow Jones, Verizon, Bertelsmann, Pearson

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