Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Murder in the CourtroomThe Cognitive Neuroscience of Violence$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199995721

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 April 2021

The Issue of Evidentiary Reliability

The Issue of Evidentiary Reliability

(p.154) 8 The Issue of Evidentiary Reliability
Murder in the Courtroom

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

Oxford University Press

Since Daubert (1993), the standards for admissibility at trial of expert testimony in general and scientific evidence in particular have become more demanding. In fact, reviews of recent cases and empirical studies of federal judges’ and attorneys’ practices indicate that judges are now more likely to inquire more deeply into the reasoning and methodology that supports the expert opinions and to limit or exclude unreliable evidence from presentation at trials. Courts’ increasing skepticism concerning expert testimony and scientific evidence, including neuroimaging evidence, is also apparent in many published cases. This chapter provides a discussion of many important methodological issues, including issues of (a) scientific validity, (b) evidentiary reliability, (c) accuracy, (d) base rates, (e) the use of multiple tests, (f) the issue of cutoff scores, (g) baseline versus activations, (h) correlation versus causation, and (i) convergent validity related to the assessment of brain dysfunction in the context of violent behavior.

Keywords:   scientific validity, evidentiary reliability, base rates, multiple test use, cutoff scores, baseline, activation, correlation, causation

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .