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The Psychology of Green Organizations$
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Jennifer L. Robertson and Julian Barling

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199997480

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199997480.001.0001

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Environmental Locus of Control

Environmental Locus of Control

9 (p.187) Environmental Locus of Control
The Psychology of Green Organizations

Mark Cleveland

Maria Kalamas

Oxford University Press

Employees and managers are faced with the tensions ensuing between environmentally-appropriate versus economically suitable behaviors. An ecologically concerned person might see little benefit in engaging in pro-environmental behaviors because such activities are futile unless others take part. Against this backdrop of shared responsibility, governments, firms, and individuals all bear the ecological burden. Environmental locus-of-control (ELOC) encapsulates perceptions regarding ascriptions of personal and outward obligations for environmental stewardship, which in turn derive from the person’s beliefs concerning each party’s relative abilities (or futility) to effectuate change. Internal-ELOC denotes individuals’ manifold attitudes concerning personal accountability. External-ELOC embodies attitudes towards environmental outcomes that individuals deem attributable to extraneous forces. This chapter elucidates the theoretical underpinnings of ELOC, reviews the empirical findings on the concept, and discusses its application to organizational contexts. Economic activities are collectively the largest source of greenhouse gasses; solutions to environmental degradation must include the organizational sphere and all its constituent actors.

Keywords:   corporate social responsibility, environmental attitudes, environmental-locus-of-control, pro-environmental behaviors, sustainability

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