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On the Art of Singing$
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Richard Miller

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780195098259

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.001.0001

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The Three Musketeers of Tension

The Three Musketeers of Tension


(p.233) 75 The Three Musketeers of Tension
On the Art of Singing

Richard Miller

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers how the tongue, neck, and jaw cause tension in singers, along with some pedagogical ways of controlling them. The tongue occupies much of the vocal tract and can alter the spatial arrangements of the buccopharyngeal (mouth-pharynx) cavity, which is the chief resonance chamber of the voice. The neck, in which the chief instrument of phonation is housed, is a complex of muscular systems attaching to the head and to the torso. What one does with the nuchal muscles (back of the neck) and muscles of the submandibular area (below the jaw) influences laryngeal function. The jaw is capable of both lateral and perpendicular movements, and hence can affect the entire phonatory operation.

Keywords:   tongue, neck, jaw, tension, singer, vocal tract, voice, phonation, laryngeal function

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