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Long-Term Response of a Forest Watershed EcosystemClearcutting in the Southern Appalachians$
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Wayne T. Swank and Jackson R. Webster

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780195370157

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370157.001.0001

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Recovery of Central Appalachian Forested Watersheds

Recovery of Central Appalachian Forested Watersheds

Comparison of Fernow and Coweeta

(p.194) 12 Recovery of Central Appalachian Forested Watersheds
Long-Term Response of a Forest Watershed Ecosystem

Mary Beth Adams

James N. Kochendenfer

Oxford University Press

The Fernow Experimental Forest (FEF) was established to conduct research in forest and watershed management in the central Appalachians. The 1868-ha FEF, located south of Parsons, West Virginia, is administered by the Northern Research Station of the USDA Forest Service and provides a valuable point of comparison with Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory (CHL), located in the southern Appalachians. This chapter summarizes responses to clearcutting on four watersheds at FEF and compares the results to those from clearcutting on CHL Watershed 7 (WS 7). Comparisons between Fernow and Coweeta clear-cut watersheds reveal a number of consistencies, including rapid regeneration/revegetation of harvested watersheds and short-term increases in annual streamflow due to clearcutting. The differences observed between the two sites were relatively small and mostly dealt with rates of revegetation and nutrient cycling. These are probably due to differences in climate, atmospheric deposition, and soil depth.

Keywords:   Fernow Experimental Forest, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, clearcutting, watersheds

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